The book, published in 2014 in Italian, describes ageing in all its complexity, starting from data relating to the ageing of the world population, underlining Italians and Europeans aspects, and from the expectations and perspectives that characterize elderly people. The CARER+ project is presented as an experience in which new technologies can support the construction of inclusive environments.
Inspired by the principle of “active aging” the various chapters review the main steps of transition such as, for example, retirement, becoming grandparents, and the loss of physical and psychological autonomy. These are fundamental issues for understanding how to support the elderly, enhancing their skills and supporting their fragility. The promotion of active citizenship and the enhancement of interactions become essential to prevent the isolation of the elderly and the development of negative stereotypes (ageism). This is possible also with the use of ICT that support the autonomy of the elderly, preventing the digital divide and increasing the level of personal well-being.
A large section is finally set to present the possible plots between institutional care and home care, and the role of families-caregiving, careworker and services. The careworker in Italy are often relegated to the black labor market; they are migrants women and this work determines negative and non-sustainable trans-national effects. We refer in particular to the disintegration of the family of migrant mothers who dedicate themselves to the home care for older people.
To counter this negative drift, the text proposes different ways of managed home-care in the form of subsidiarity and related to the involvement of the local community. This approach promotes collective responsibility, in the perspective of “we care” and Community Care. Cooperation between caregivers, careworker and social and welfare services becomes essential to promote well-being and to support families in their own homes. The challenge is to recognize the contribution that all the different social actors can share and build networks (virtual and real) that can promote active aging, solidarity and dialogue between generations.
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