Social protection system of the older people in general



GDP at market prices. Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

25 100

Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010


Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008


At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011


Old-age pensions

Basic principles

Work Insurance General Compulsory Scheme (Assicurazione Generale Obbligatoria, AGO) financed through contributions, covering the employees of the private sector by providing benefits calculated according to two determining factors: age and accrued contributions.

Special schemes are provided for the self-employed as well as a certain number of special pension funds for specific categories of workers.

Old-age pensions

Legal retirement age in standard case

·    Male employees of the private sector, self-employed and para-subordinate workers: 66 years;

·    Male and female civil servants: 66 years;

·    Female employees of the private sector: 62 years;

·    Female self-employed and para-subordinate workers: 63 ears and 6 months.

The retirement age will be gradually increased from 2012 onwards, according to the increase in life expectancy as provided for under art. 12 of the Legislative Decree of 31 May 2010 No. 78, converted into Law No. 122/2010.

As of January 2012, the pension payment deferment scheme shall no longer apply.

Financing principles for old-age pensions

Contributions (employees and employers).

Benefits for older unemployed

No special provision.

Financing systems for long-term benefits

Case of  old-age benefits

Current income financing (‘pay as you go’).

Health care

Basic principles

Public health service for all inhabitants (based on residency).
Compulsory social insurance system for the active population (employed and self-employed persons) and beneficiaries of a social security benefit, financed by employers’ and insured persons’ contributions as well as through state subsidies.

Health care

Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

Prosthesis: supplied to the different categories of disabled by the local Health Centres (Unità Sanitarie Locali, USL).